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Germany

Official name of the stateFederal Republic of Germany
Establishmentparliamentary federal republic
International abbreviation of the stateDEU
International identification markD
Internet domain.de
Currencyeuro
CapitalBerlin
OfficialeseGerman
Extent356 973
LowlandNorth-German
MountainsAlpsZugspitze
Black ForestFeldberg
Bavarian ForestGross Arber
ErzgebirgeFichtelberg
RhönWasserkuppe
Harz MountainsBrocken
Rothaar - GebirgeLangenberg
WatersRiversRhine (Rhein), Weser, Main, Elbe, Oder, Danube (Donau)
SeasBaltic, North
LakeConstance (Boden)
PeninsulaJutland
Climatic zonedamp mild
History of the 20th centuryGerman Empire
1918Germany
1949German Federal Republic / German Democratic Republic
1990Germany
Military-political organizationNATO
EuroparliamentariesEuropean People's Party and European Democrats49
Party of Socialist Europe23
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe7
Greens and European Free Alliance13
Confederation of the European United Left and Nordic Green Left7
Eurocommissionervice president, enterprise and industryVerheugen
Population82 797
Countries of Federation (16)Schleswig - HolsteinKiel
HamburgHamburg
Lower SaxonyHannover
BremenBremen
Mecklenburg - West PomeraniaSchwerin
Saxony - AnhaltMagdeburg
BrandenburgPotsdam
BerlinBerlin
SaxonyDresden
North Rhine - WestphaliaDüsseldorf
ThuringiaErfurt
HesseWiesbaden
Rhineland - PalatinateMainz
SaarlandSaarbrücken
Baden - WürttembergStuttgart
BavariaMunich (München)
CitiesBerlin3 317 000
Hamburg1 640 100
Munich (München)1 241 300
Aachen1 041 000 (aglomeration)
Cologne (Köln)958 600
Frankfurt660 800
Essen626 100
Dortmund597 400
Stuttgart575 600
Düsseldorf575 100
Bremen548 900
Duisburg533 600
Liepzig513 600
Hannover509 800
Dresden493 200
Nüremberg (Nürnberg)490 500
Bochum395 100
Wuppertal381 100
Bielefeld317 200
Halle311 400
Mannheim308 400
Bonn297 400
Chemnitz296 300
Gelsenkirchen292 200
Magdeburg279 900
Karlsruhe272 800
Münster265 800
Mönchengladbach258 600
Wiesbaden258 500
Augsburg254 300
Rostock248 800
Kiel244 800
Erfurt218 000
Lübeck214 400
AglomerationsEssen7 000 000
Frankfurt5 000 000
Berlin4 000 000
Cologne (Köln)3 000 000
Düsseldorf3 000 000
Natural addition of inhabitants/year-0,1%
Longevity (men/women)74,3/80,8
Human raceEuropoid
LanguageGerman (Upper-German, Lower-German)Indo-European, Teutonic, western
NationalitiesGermans82,4%
Turks2,3%
former Yugoslavs1,2%
Italians0,7%
Greek0,4%
Poles0,4%
others2,6%
Religionsprotestant46,5%
Roman Catholic36,5%
Islamic2,2%
orthodox1,8%
without religion and other13%
Density231,9
Urbanization86,5%
GDP/inhabitant22 700
Inhabitants in agriculture3,3%
Inhabitants in industry27%
Outputlignite, pit-coal
Electric energy70% thermal, 25% nuclear, 5% water (hydraulic)
Lines of procesing industry50% engineering, 25% chemical, 10% food-processing
Length of road sieve636 282
Length of gridiron43 457
The most important airportsFrankfurt, Munich, Cologne, Berlin
The most important portHamburg
Literacy100%
Size of army408 200