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United Kingdom

Official name of the stateThe United Kingdom of the Great Britain and the Northern Ireland
Establishmentconstitutional monarchy
International abbreviation of the stateGBR
International identification markGB, drive left
Internet domain.gb, .uk
CurrencyBritish pound (£)
CapitalLondon
OfficialeseEnglish
Extent244 820
MountainsGrampian MountainsBen Nevis
North West HighlandsSgurr Mor
Cumbrian MountainsSnowdon
Pennine ChainCross Fell
WatersRiversThames, Mersey
SeasNorth, La Manche, Celtic, Irish, Atlantic ocean
LakeLough Neagh
IslandsGreat Britain, Hebrides, Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands
PeninsulaCornwall
Climatic zonedamp mild
Military-political organizationNATO, Commonwealth
EuroparliamentariesEuropean People's Party and European Democrats28
Party of Socialist Europe19
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe12
Greens and European Free Alliance5
Confederation of the European United Left and Nordic Green Left1
Europe of Independence and Democracy11
Unclassified Parliamentaries2
EurocommissionertradeMandelson
Population59 511 000
Political divisionsEnglandLondon
ScotlandEdinburgh
WalesCardiff
Northern IrelandBelfast
CitiesLondon7 335 000
Manchester2 277 000
Birmingham934 900
Leeds674 400
Glasgow654 542
Sheffield500 500
Bradford449 100
Liverpool448 300
Edinburgh421 213
Bristol370 300
Huddersfield367 600
Dudley300 400
Coventry292 600
Sunderland286 800
Belfast279 237
Cardiff272 600
Leicester270 600
Newcastle upon Tyne263 000
Nottingham261 500
Bolton253 300
Rotherham247 100
Stoke-on-Trent244 800
Wolverhampton239 800
Plymouth238 800
Derby214 000
Oldham211 400
Aberdeen201 099
AglomerationLondon8 000 000
Natural addition of inhabitants/year0,1%
Longevity (men/women)75,0/80,5
Human raceEuropoid
LanguagesEnglishIndo-European, Teutonic, western
WelshIndo-European, Celtic
GaelicIndo-European, Celtic
NationalitiesEnglishmen79,8%
Scotch9%
Irishmen2,4%
Ulstermen1,8%
Welsh1,2%
Indians1,4%
inhabitants from Caribbean islands1%
Pakistanis0,8%
Bengalis0,2%
Chinese0,2%
Africans0,2%
others2%
ReligionsAnglican56%
Roman Catholic13%
Scottish Presbyterian7%
Methodistical4,5%
other Christian5,5%
Islamic1,5%
Jewish0,8%
Hindu0,7%
Sikhistic0,4%
other1%
Density243,1
Urbanization89,5%
GDP/inhabitant21 800
Inhabitants in agriculture1,9%
Inhabitants in industry20%
Outputpit-coal, crude oil, terrestrial gas
Electric energy75% thermal, 25% nuclear
Lines of procesing industry40% engineering, 20% chemical, 15% wood-working
Length of road site360 047
Length of gridiron16 888
The most important airportsLondon, Birmingham
Literacy100%
Size of army274 800